Phase One: Instrumental Sounds
Purpose: To develop awareness of sounds made with instruments and noise makers. This will help children to tune into sounds which will help when they sound out and spell words later on.
30-50 months: They focus their attention to listen.
Collect a set of objects from around the house and a plastic container. Make sure to include some objects that will make a loud noise when put inside the container and shook and some that will make a quiet noise. If you can gather two sets of objects and containers, you can explore the sounds together, but if not you can take it in turns.
Show your child the objects and let them explore. Do any of the objects make a sound? What if we put them inside the container and shake them?
Model the language e.g. that made such a loud noise or that one sounds really quiet. If you have two sets of objects give your child a container with the same object as yours. If not, pass them yours after you have modelled the activity. Ask them to copy you making loud and quiet sounds by shaking the container in different ways.
Once you have explored the different objects you could explore musical instruments. Are they able to adjust the volume as they play. If you lift your hand or a stick higher, can they play louder? If you lower your hand, can they play more quietly?
By tuning into the different volumes it helps children to concentrate and listen carefully, which is one of the skills they will need when they start blend and segment words for reading and spelling.